Science Class 10 Term-I Syllabus

Exam Structure

IChemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour16
IIWorld of Living10
IIINatural Phenomenon14

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chapter 1: Chemical reactions and equations

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Chapter 2: Acids, Bases and Salts

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Chapter 3: Metals and non metals

Metals and non metals: Properties of metals and non-metals, reactivity series, formation and properties of ionic compounds.

Unit II: World of Living

Chapter 6: Life processes

Life processes: “Living Being”. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Unit III: Natural Phenomenon

Chapter 10: Light – Reflection and Refraction

Reflection of light at curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens.

Chapter 11: Human eye and colourful world

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Science Class 10 Term-II Syllabus 2022

Exam Structure

IChemical Substances – Nature & Behaviour10
IIWorld of Living13
IVEffects of Current12
VNatural Resources5

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chapter 4: Carbon and its compounds

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series.

Chapter 5: Periodic classification of elements

Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Unit II: World of Living

Chapter 8: How do organisms reproduce?

Reproduction: Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Chapter 9: Heredity and Evolution

Heredity: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution – Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction.

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Chapter 12: Electricity

Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Chapter 13: Magnetic effects of current

Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s left hand rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule.

Unit V: Natural Resources

Chapter 15: Our Environment

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.